Tsurugaoka Hachimangu Shrine (鶴岡八幡宮) is one of the three noteworthy Hachimangu situated in Kamakura. It is the most prominent spot in Kamakura, particularly, Yabusame in September is exceptionally well known. Tsurugaoka Hachimangu was implicit 1063 and turned into the capital and focal point of Kamakura Government set up by Minamoto no Yoritomo.
Tsurugaoka Hachimangu was built up by Minamoto no Yoriyoshi in 1063. He constructed the establishment of Minamoto Clan as warmongers, Bushi, in the east Japan after concealment of the resistance in 1062. He came back to Kamakura, and fabricated a little holy place for Kami, god, of Hachiman close to the ocean side to thank for the accomplishment on concealment.
The establishment of present Tsurugaoka Hachimangu was built up by Yoriyoshi’s relative, Minamoto no Yoritomo (源頼朝), as the head of Minamoto family. He came to Kamakura to ascend against Taira group in 1180, on the grounds that Kamakura was an extraordinary spot for him that his incredible progenitor accomplished the concealment of insubordination. He moved the place of worship to present site and fabricated more grand sanctum. This new place of worship called Tsurugaoka Wakamiya implies the new holy place at Tsurugaoka.
At the time, Heian period was arriving at the end, and force of nobles were exchanged to the military, Bushi, class. The contention in the middle of Taira and Minamoto factions brought about the vicotry of Minamoto tribe, and foundation of Kamakura Govornment hence.
In 1192, Yoritomo was delegated to the shogun and established Kamakura Government, otherwise called Kamakura Shogunate. Kamkura Government is the principal samurai administration all through Japanese history. This samurai-administration framework kept going until the endo of Tokugawa Government in 1867. In this manner it can be said that he made the establishment of samurai period. He has been regarded as a perfect and conspicuous pioneer in Japan, and Tsurugaoka Hachimangu likewise has been viewed as a religious solid footing for these Shogunates.
He created Kamakura city as a capital, and set Tsurugaoka Hachimangu in the focal of the city. Along these lines, Tsurugaoka Hachimangu was contrasted and the Imperial Court in Kyoto.
At the point when the Kamakura city was the capital of Japan, Tsurugaoka Hachimangu assumed imperative part as a religious solid footing as well as als as a parliament. Numerous superb customs has been held in Tsurugaoka Hachimangu by the Shogunate, additionally this hallowed place utilized as the political focus.
Tsurugaoka Hachimangu was based on Yoritomo’s confidence and appreciation for his progenitors’ accomplishment. Yoritomo’s reverential conduct to Tsurugaoka Hachimangu was thought to be a decent way for next Shogun and Samurai. Numerous Shogun and their devotees revere Tsurugaoka Hachimangu as Yoritomo done, and fabricated hallowed places for Hachiman divinity in different area in all through Japan.
Hongu本宮 the principle hallowed place
Cherishes : Emperor Ojin, Hime-gami, Empress Jingu
Yearly Ritual: fifteenth September
Wakamiya Shrine 若宮
Cherishes: Emperor Nintoku, Emperor Richu, Empress, Nakano, Empress Iwano
Yearly Ritual: third April
Cherishes: Minamoto no Yoritomo, Sanetomo Minamoto
Yearly Ritual: 28th May
Official web: http://www.hachimangu.or.jp/
Go to JR Kamakura station.then walk.